By 2050, global population will increase from 7 to more than 9 billion people, and this will increase demands on food and water systems already under pressure from climate change and over-use. Meanwhile, Africa is the continent where the largest proportion of people is currently living in poverty: an estimated one in three Africans go hungry.
At the same time, the agricultural potential of Africa is enormous. Water, Food and Sustainable Agriculture in Southern Africa seeks answers to the question: ‘If centralised irrigated agriculture has failed in Africa, then what are the solutions that will increase food security to reduce poverty while sustainably managing water and conserving other environmental values?’
Food security means much more than a country producing sufficient calories for the populace. Food security is about ensuring the most vulnerable have the means to produce, and that the food is of sufficient nutritional value. Water governance is also a central concern in sustainable agriculture. With better governance, there is high potential for poverty reduction through water interventions.
Water, Food and Sustainable Agriculture in Southern Africa argues for a more decentralised approach that enables poor people to enhance their livelihoods to harvest water for agriculture using appropriate technologies.
Pittock, Jamie; Grafton, R Quentin; White, Chris
About the book
Table of Contents
About the editors; About the contributors; Preface; Chapter 1: Why water and agriculture in southern Africa?; Chapter 2: Assessment of food security in southern Africa; Chapter 3: Agricultural policies and irrigation in Africa; Chapter 4: The role of better water management in agriculture for poverty reduction; Chapter 5: The case for a new irrigation research agenda for sub-Saharan Africa; Chapter 6: Towards catchment-based water and food security; Chapter 7: Rainwater harvesting and conservation agriculture in the southern African region; Chapter 8: Integrated rainwater harvesting (A case study in Mpumalanga, South Africa); Chapter 9: Future directions for water and agriculture in southern Africa; Index.
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About the authors
Jamie Pittock is a senior lecture in the Fenner School of Environment and Society at The Australian National University. He has been Director of International Programs for the UNESCO Chair in Water Economics and Transboundary Water Governance, and also Program Leader of the Australian and United States Climate, Energy and Water Nexus Project for the US Studies Centre and ANU from 2010. Previously, Dr Pittock was director of the WWF’s Global Freshwater Programme from 2001-2007.
R. Quentin Grafton has a PhD in Economics from the University of British Columbia and holds a Chair and a professorship in economics at the Australian National University. Professor Grafton holds the UNESCO Chair in Water Economics and Transbounary Water Governance. He is Director of the Centre of Water Economics, Environment and Policy at the Crawford School at the Australian National University (ANU) and is an ANU Public Policy Fellow.